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Posts for tag: periodontal disease

By Summit Dental Group
October 29, 2019
Category: Dental Procedures

Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection of the structures around the teeth. Gum disease is caused by periodontal-diseasedental plaque, a film of bacteria that forms constantly on teeth.  In early stages, this plaque can build up on teeth and cause the gums to become inflamed and cause bleeding when brushing and flossing.  This is called gingivitis.  In advanced stages, gum disease can lead to bone loss and if not maintained, possibly tooth loss. Led by dentist Dr. Steve Rollins, Summit Dental Group (located in Waterford, MI) offers state-of-the-art treatments for gum disease. Here are 5 signs that you may have periodontal disease.

1. Red Gums. Red gums could be a symptom of gum disease. Healthy gums should be pink in color, although they may contain other pigments depending on your ethnic origin. Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and can be reversed if caught early enough.  No permanent damage has happened yet to the supporting structures of the teeth.  It causes the gums to become purple or bright red. If you've noticed that your gums are red don't brush it off. Ignoring the problem will only make matters worse.

2. Receding Gums. Gingival recession, or receding gums, may be an indication that you have gum disease. Gingival recession is a condition in which the gums have pulled away from the teeth. The most common cause of gingival recession is periodontal disease caused by poor oral hygiene. Other causes of gum recession include genetics, brushing aggressively, and teeth grinding.

3. Swollen Gums. Gingivitis causes the gums to become inflamed and swollen. For many people with gum disease, this inflammation is not painful. Swollen gums can have a number of different causes. Other causes of gum inflammation include poorly fitting oral appliances, certain medications, hormonal changes, and nutritional deficiencies. A visit to your dentist is a great place to start to figure out what the problem might be.

4. Bad Breath. Bad breath, also called halitosis, is very common. Bad breath is most frequently associated with gum disease. Most bad breath is caused by bacteria in the mouth. If you have chronic bad breath, see your dentist immediately because finding out what's causing your bad breath puts you one step closer to getting rid of it. If gum disease is the culprit, mints won't help -- they're just temporarily covering up the problem.

5. Bleeding Gums. If you have periodontal disease, your gums may bleed when you floss or brush your teeth. Don't ignore that blood in your sink. Bleeding gums are not normal, not even when you have your teeth professionally cleaned. The best way to find out what's causing your gums to bleed is to see your dentist in Waterford.

Good oral hygiene and professional care are the keys to fighting gum disease. With increasing evidence that gum disease may affect other areas of your health, it is more important than ever to get it taken care of. If you think you may have gum disease, call Summit Dental Group at (248) 681-3600 today to schedule a dental checkup in Waterford, MI.
Congratulations on taking the first step to achieving periodontal health!


Surgical treatment for periodontal (gum) disease can go a long way toward restoring your mouth to good health; however, it does not change your susceptibility to the disease. That’s why we recommend that you come in regularly for periodontal cleanings after your treatment. Here are some frequently asked questions about keeping your mouth healthy after gum disease treatment.

How often do I have to come in for periodontal cleanings?
There’s no “one-size-fits-all” answer to that question: It really depends on your individual situation. For example, some individuals may have a more aggressive form of periodontal disease that requires more frequent periodontal maintenance (PM) treatments to maintain control. Others may have greater success controlling the buildup of disease-causing plaque with at-home oral hygiene measures, and therefore need PM less often. However, for people with a history of periodontal disease, getting PM treatments at a three-month interval may be a good starting point.

What happens at a periodontal maintenance appointment?
A thorough cleaning of the crown and root surfaces of the teeth, aimed at removing sticky plaque and hardened dental calculus (tartar), is a big part of PM treatments — but there’s much more. You’ll also receive a thorough clinical examination (including oral cancer screening), a review of your medical history, and x-rays or other diagnostic tests if needed. The status of any ongoing periodontal disease will be carefully monitored, as will your success at maintaining good oral hygiene. Decisions about further treatment will be based on the results of this examination.

What else can I do to keep gum disease at bay?
Keeping your oral hygiene in top-notch condition — which includes effective brushing and flossing every day — can go a long way toward controlling gum disease.  In addition, you can reduce risk factors by quitting tobacco use and eating a more balanced diet. And since inflammatory conditions like diabetes, arthritis and cardiovascular disease can make periodontal disease worse (and vice versa), keeping these conditions under control will greatly benefit both your oral health and your overall health.

If you have additional questions about maintaining oral health after gum disease treatment, contact us or schedule an appointment.